Dr. Jon Aske

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Course Resources Page



Intro. Linguistics
Sociolinguistics (variation)
Spanglish, traducción
Historical Linguistics (SP)
Other linguistics stuff
Hispanic culture
Indígenas en Hispanoamérica
Spanish language study
Learning a foreign language
Teaching a foreign language
Bilingualism/bilingual education
Grammar Practice sheets and handouts
Other stuff
SPN 101
SPN 102
SPN 202
SPN 203
SPN 212
SPN 350
SPN 351
SPN 412
SPN 415
SPN 495
SPN 750
ENG 776

(NOTE: Titles of the following reading materials are missing accented and other special characters due to the fact that web file names cannot contain such characters at present.)

Introduction to linguistics / General linguistics

  1. SIL - Materiales en español para la enseñanza de la lingüística, la traducción y la alfabetización
  2. The Uniqueness of Human Language, Ch 1 of Language The Basics, by RL Trask
  3. An Overview of Linguistics, by Geoff Nunberg and Tom Wasow
  4. Why Do Some People Have an Accent?, by Betty Birner
  5. Does the Language I Speak Influence the Way I Think?, by Betty Birner
  6. How Many Languages Are There in the World?, by Stephen R. Anderson
  7. The 5 Minute Linguist (30 popular articles on language)
  8. The Uniqueness of Human Language, Ch 1 of Language: The Basics, by RL Trask
  9. Languages of the World About Language
  10. What is Linguistics Some definitions
  11. Language (Encarta Encyclopedia), by Bernard Comrie
  12. Ethnologue - Languages of the world - country index [outside link] Hot!
  13. A Reader in Nineteenth Century Historical Indo-European Linguistics, by Winfred P Lehmann
  14. Nunberg G. "The Decline of Grammar". The Atlantic Monthly, Dec. 1983,
  15. A War That Never Ends, by Mark Halpern The Atlantic Monthly, March 1997
  16. Prescriptive and descriptive linguistics, by Mark Liberman
  17. What is linguistics?, by Mark Liberman
  18. Language: A Biological Perspective, by Mark Liberman
  19. Linguistics A philosophical perspective, by Mark Liberman
  20. Signed and Spoken Language, by Mark Liberman
  21. Miller, George A. "The Scientific Study of Language." Ch. 1 of The Science of Words. (1991) (source)
  22. Reading and writing
  23. What is linguistics, by Gene Buckley
  24. Steven Pinker The Language Instinct Chapter 1
  25. Language as a human instinct, by Gene Buckley
  26. Dr. Language: Will I be Arrested if I End a Sentence with a Preposition (Dr. Goodword)
  27. Dr. Language: Ain't Isnt a Four-Letter Word
  28. Dr. Language: How Many Words are in English
  29. Dr. Language: Do you Suffer the Embarrassment of LVS
  30. Dr Language Yall-Youse-Yuns Should Read This
  31. Encarta: Linguistics
  32. There are Rules and Rules, by William Shetter
  33. How many languages are there in the world?, by William Shetter
  34. The Dodo's Fate - How languages become extinct, by William Shetter
  35. Notions about Language, by William Shetter
  36. Machine Translation on the Web, by William Shetter
  37. Giant languages and tiny ones too, by William Shetter
  38. Chinese, English, Navajo, Zulu... Is there anything they have in common?
  39. What teachers need to know about language, by Lily Wong Fillmore (PDF) (source)
  40. What Is Linguistics? (CAL) [outside link]
  41. Vernacular Dialects in U.S. Schools (CAL) [outside link]
  42. How language works: An introduction to linguistics, by Michael Glasser. Locally saved chapters (May 2, 2004): How Language Works 01 Introduction, How Language Works 02 Word meaning, How Language Works 03 Word forms, How Language Works 04 Word forms Processes, How Language Works 05 Composition, How Language Works 06 Sentences, How Language Works 07 Grammatical categories
  43. Animals and the Uniqueness of Human Language
  44. A Language is a Dialect with an Army, by Dr Language
  45. Can Chimpanzees Talk (Dr. Goodword)
  46. Mama teached me talk (Dr. Goodword)
  47. Will I be Arrested if I End a Sentence with a Preposition (Dr. Goodword)
  48. The Adventure of Languages in Europe
  49. Definitions Linguistics
  50. Definitions Phonetics
  51. Definitions Phonology
  52. Online language and linguistics resources at the University of Aberdeen [outside link]
  53. How Linguists Approach the Study of Language and Dialect, by John Rickford
  54. Enrique Bernardez: ¿Qué son las lenguas?, Capítulos 1 y 2
  1. Foreign Language Study
  2. The Indo-European Language Family
  3. The Indo-European Language Family The Slavic Branch
  4. The Indo-European Language Family The Baltic Languages
  5. The Indo-European Language Family The Germanic Branch
  6. Indo European Language Family Celtic Branch
  7. The Indo-European Language Family Romance Languages Branch
  8. Indo-European Language Family The Indo-Iranian Branch
  9. Indo-European Language Family Single Language Branches
  10. Altaic Language Family
  11. Caucasian Language Family
  12. Japonic Language Family

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Introducción a la lingüística: En español o sobre el español

  1. Introducción a la lingüística hispánica, Capítulo 1: La lingüística, ciencia cognitiva
  2. Introducción a la lingüística hispánica, Capítulo 4, La estructura de la oración: Sintaxis
  3. Introducción a la lingüística hispánica, Capítulo 3, La estructura de las palabras: Morfologia
  4. Introducción a la lingüística hispánica, Capítulo 6, Variación lingüística
  5. Introducción a la lingüística hispánica, Capítulo 5, Historia de la lengua española
  6. The Five Minute Linguist
  7. Introducción a la lingüística, por Jon Aske
  8. Bernárdez: ¿Qué son laslenguas? Capítulo 1
  9. Bernárdez: ¿Qué son laslenguas? Capítulo 2
  10. Bernárdez: ¿Qué son laslenguas? Apéndices
  11. Introducción a la lingüística descriptiva: un curso básico (SIL) Hot!
    Contiene muchos materiales útiles, incluídos: Introducción a la lingüística descriptiva: una visión panorámica (copia local); numerosas presentaciones de PowerPoint (Intro, familias lingüísticas,
  12. The language teacher and descriptive versus prescriptive norms, by Richard Hudson
  13. Introducción a la psicolingüística, por Xavier Frías Conde (PDF) (source)
  14. BBC NEWS First language gene discovered
  15. Languages of the World: An Introduction to Linguistics, by Jon Aske
  16. Introducción a la lingüística, por Xavier Frías Conde (PDF) (source)
  17. Introducción a la lingüística del español
  18. Introducción a la lingüística
  19. Some Observations on the Foundation of Linguistics, by William Labov
  20. Never End a Sentence in a Preposition and Seven Other Myths About Writing, by Gary Blake
  21. Encarta: lingüística
  22. Algunos libros sobre lingüística del español
  23. ¿Castellano o español?
  24. Glossary of linguistic terms
  25. Is South America Spanish-Speaking?
  26. Enlaces de Justo Fernández López

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Sounds: Phonetics and Phonology

  1. Kevin Russell Phonetics site: Hot! In particular the following pages:
  2. Phonetics The Sounds of Language (Ch. 6 of Fromkin & Rodman)
  3. Interactive IPA charts Hot!
  4. Sounds of English and Spanish, with phonetic transcriptions, audio and video, midsagittal animations of the articulations, plus a labeled chart of vocal tract anatomy. (Univ. of Iowa.) [outside link] Hot! Hot!
  5. John Wells: IPA and Unicode
  6. Phonetic Transcription for the Web [outside link]
  7. John Wells: Put phonetic symbols in your Word document
  8. Phonics and accents of English, by John Wells [Advanced]
  9. Spoken and Written English, by GO Knowles [Beginner]
  10. Sagittal Section Exercises [Beginner] Hot!
  11. Speech animator (Flash animation)
  12. IPA lab (original location) (An Interactive IPA Chart) (IPA Chart: Unicode Edition)
  13. One Symbol for Every Sound, by Wenkai Tay
  14. The International Phonetic Association [outside link]
  15. English Phonetics and Phonological Theory, by Dan Mateescu (ebook, PDF) [outside link]
  16. Frequently-asked Questions about phonetic symbols
  17. Learning the IPA for English
  18. Syllable Structure in English
  19. Phonological processes and spelling
  20. On Phonemic Awareness
  21. Phonology Phonics and English Spelling
  22. Natural Classes Chart
  23. J.C. Wells: Accents and Spelling Reform
  24. J.C. Wells: Why phonetic transcription
  25. J.C. Wells: Phonetic Transcription and Analysis
  26. J.C. Wells: Diacritics
  27. The International Phonetic Alphabet in Unicode [outside link]
  28. The Guardian: In Britain the young favour Americanisms
  29. J.C. Wells: Whatever happened to Received Pronunciation
  30. J.C. Wells: Syllabification and allophony
  31. Interactive Sagittal Section [outside link] Hot!
  32. The sounds of English and the International Phonetic Alphabet [outside link]
  33. The Pronunciation of English, by Charles W Kreidler Ch 1 Language and Speech
  34. Phonology Sound Structure of Language
  35. The structure of sound, by Gene Buckley
  36. SIL IPA 93 font shortcuts
  37. Peter Ladefoged's UCLA Phonetics page [outside link]: Listen to sounds from languages all over the world. See photos and a movie of the vocal cords in action.
  38. Peter Ladefoged: Vowels and Consonants [outside link] (very good) In particular check out chapter 1: Sounds and languages -The IPA chart sounds
  39. A Course in Phonetics (Harcourt 2001) [outside link]
  40. Ladefoged: Selected sound files Hot! w
  41. International Phonetic Association [outside link]
  42. George L. Dillon's Phonetics Resources: Phones and Phonemes of English, Speech Waveform Analysis, Text to Speech (TTS) Synthesizers and Talking Faces, Speech Recognition, Archives and Comprehensive Lists, Online Courses and Tutorials. Among other interesting links you will find here:
    Symbols for American English Vowel Sounds, Vowels Speech Accent Archive (requires QuickTime)
  43. Varieties of English [outside link]
  44. Alliance for Lifelong Learning: Phonetics Links [outside link]
  45. Alliance for Lifelong Learning: Phonology Links [outside link]
  46. LSA Series FAQs: Why do some people have an accent? [outside link]
  47. SIL-IPA-encore_fonts
  48. Phonetics, by Chip Gerfen
  49. Phonology, by Chip Gerfen
  50. Phonetics links
  51. American Homophones
  52. A little encyclopaedia of phonetics, by Peter Roach (source)
  53. How we think we talk and how we really talk, by William Shetter
  54. SIL Phonetic fonts (download page) [outside link]
    SIL Phonetic fonts shortcuts
  55. Charivarius The chaos
  56. Practice phonetic transcription (English) [outside link]
  57. How to Pronounce GHOTI (Dr. Goodword)
  58. Why English Spelling Should Be Updated
  59. Phonological processes of English
  60. Initial-stress-derived noun
  61. Phonemic ae tensing in American English
  62. The Transparency of Spanish Orthography, by Ian Mackenzie
  63. New York Times: With Sound From Africa the Phonetic Alphabet Expands
  64. English alphabet Missing letters thorn edh and yogh
  65. Orthographic diacritics and multilingual computing, by JC Wells
  66. British non-dialectal accents, by Jack Windsor Lewis
  67. The UCLA Phonetics Lab Archive (of Languages)
  68. Tutorial: The Syllable
  69. Connected speech and coarticulation
  70. On the distinction between stress-timed and syllable-timed languages, by Peter Roach (source)
  71. Some Languages are Spoken More Quickly Than Others, by Peter Roach
  72. Weakform Words and Contractions for the Advanced EFL User, by Jack Windsor Lewis
  73. The Spellings of the English Phonemes, by Jack Windsor Lewis
  74. Phonetics Links at University of Aberdeen [outside link]
  75. The Speech Accent Archive [outside link]
  76. Phonetic transcription and general revision
  77. Paradigm Uniformity and Analogy The Capitalistic versus Militaristic Debate
  78. English Orthography (Wikipedia)
  79. Desajustes entre el sistema fonológico del español y su representación gráfica, por Fernando Carratalá Teruel

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Fonética y fonología

  1. Fonética en imágenes por Antonio Quilis
  2. The Sounds of Spanish - Introduction, by Jose Ignacio Hualde
  3. Equivalencias entre el AFI y simbolos utilizados en linguistica hispanica (original)
  4. Encarta: fonologia
  5. Encarta: sistema fonológico español
  6. Phonotactics Spanish syllables and English syllables
  7. Principales reglas fonéticas del inglés
  8. Ortografía de la Lengua Española 1999 (PDF)
  9. La Real Academia Espanola tiene mala ortografia, por Roberto Hernandez Montoya
  10. órganos articuladores y zonas de articulación (SIL, PPT) (source)
  11. Fue imposible imponer güisqui
  12. Spanish Academy Allows_Alcatraz. But Guisqui?
  13. Fricativas (SIL, PPT) (source)
  14. Modos de articulación (SIL, PPT) (source)
  15. Oclusivas (SIL, PPT) (source)
  16. Vocales cardinales (SIL, PPT) (source)
  17. Introducción a la fonología; fonética y fonología; fonología y alfabetos (SIL, PPT) (source)
  18. SIL: Curso básico de fonología
  19. Símbolos fonéticos de las vocales (con sonido) [outside link]
  20. Símbolos fonéticos de las consonantes [outside link]
  21. Las zonas de articulación (consonantes) [outside link]
  22. Los órganos principales de la articulación [outside link]
  23. Introducción a la fonología, por Xavier Frías Conde (PDF) [outside link] (source)
  24. Fonética del español
  25. Metalinguistic Transfer in Spanish-English Biliteracy By Jill Kerper Mora
  26. Phonological Rules: from Dalbor’s Spanish Pronunciation [outside link]
  27. La pronunciación del español: medios de difusión masiva y norma culta
  28. Estudio fonológico en el léxico, por Antonio Ríos Mestre (ch. 4, PDF) (link to whole book online [outside link])
  29. Spanish_Prosody
  30. La sílaba ortográfica en español (original)
  31. IPA Consonant Chart
  32. Wikipedia: Categoría:Fonética:
  33. Trill Variation in Dominican Spanish: An Acoustic Examination and Comparative Analysis, by Erik W. Willis
  34. On the Labiodental Pronunciation of Spanish /b/ among Teachers of Spanish as a Second Language, John J. Stevens, Hispania, Vol. 83, No. 1. (Mar., 2000), pp. 139-149
  35. Ortografía del español (Wikipedia)
  36. Rehilamiento - zeísmo - yeísmo - lleísmo
  37. Usos normativos del acento gráfico, por Justo Fernández López
  38. Ejercicios de acentuacion, por Alfonso Sancho Rodríguez, abreviado, muy abreviado
  39. On the Teaching of Spanish Pronunciation, by Terrell A. Morgan
  40. JI Hualde - The Sounds of Spanish - Appendices

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Camino Oral (Teschner)

To view these files you must have the SIL phonetic fonts installed on your computer. Click here to download these free fonts (for Windows or Mac).

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  1. What is Morphology?, by Mark Aronoff and Kirsten Fudeman (PDF)
  2. Morphology, by George Boeree
  3. Linguistics lecture Morphology, by Mark Liberman (Lecture 6)
  4. An overview of the English morphological system
  5. When he Gazes at her, is she the Gazee?, by William Shetter
  6. Noun compounds give a lot of bang for the buck, by William Shetter
  7. But there are no Such Things as Words (Dr. Goodword)
  8. How Many Words are in English (Dr. Goodword)
  9. Word Formation In English (book, PDF)
  10. Laurie Bauer Morphological Productivity (part of chapter 1)
  11. Morphological Paradoxes, by Byron W. Bender


  1. Esquema de un análisis morfológico (Por Jon Aske)
  2. Morfologia
  3. Encarta: morfología
  4. Morfología: Afijos del español
  5. Algunos afijos del español – Real Academia Española de la Lengua
  6. El origen del léxico castellano: La creación de palabras
  7. The Gender of Spanish Nouns in -s: A Description Refined - Richard V. Teschner; Yiyuk Estela Alatorre - Hispania, Vol. 67, No. 3. (Sep., 1984), pp. 409-411.
  8. The Suffix -oso in Central-American Spanish - Gary Eugene A. Scavnicky - Hispania, Vol. 65, No. 1. (Mar., 1982), pp. 86-89.

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  1. What is Grammar, by Angelo Pelosi
  2. Notions of grammar, by Gene Buckley
  3. Constituent structure, by Mark Liberman
  4. Syntax, by Chip Gerfen
  5. Syntax Words and what gives them life , by William Shetter
  6. Do I Have to Pay Syntax (Dr. Goodword)
  7. Are You and I You and Me (Dr. Goodword)
  8. Aint isnt a Four-Letter Word (Dr. Goodword)
  9. NTCs American Idioms Dictionary


  1. Orden básico y órdenes marcados en español (original)
  2. Introducción a la sintaxis, por Xavier Frías Conde (PDF) (source)
  3. Sintaxis
  4. Encarta: sintaxis
  5. Notas de sintaxis española avanzada Alfredo Torrejon
  6. The Preterit-Imperfect Distinction, by Jorge Guitart
  7. Porque_o_por_que_No_esta_claro

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  1. Semantics, by Mark Liberman
  2. Metaphoric structuring: understanding time through spatial metaphors, by Lera Boroditsky [outside link] (local copy)
  3. George Lakoff - Cognitive Linguistics
  4. George Lakoff - How Unconscious Metaphorical Thought Shapes Dreams
  5. Lera Boroditsky: Linguistic relativity (source)
  6. Zoltán Kövecses - Cognitive linguistic view of metaphor and therapeutic discourse
  7. New Scientist - You are what you speak
  8. The Boston Globe Debate opens anew on language and its effect on cognition
  9. Boston Globe She explores the world of language and thought
  10. Semantics, by Chip Gerfen
  11. Number of Words in the English Language
  12. Categorization: Useful Modes Of Thinking Contribute To the Power Of Prejudice
  13. We the Government Repairing the rift between citizen and state, by Deborah Tannen
  14. Let Them Eat Words Linguistic lessons from Republican master strategist Frank Luntz, by Deborah Tannen
  15. The Contemporary Theory of Metaphor, by George Lakoff 1992
  16. Idiomaticity, by Charles Fillmore
  17. Function words
  18. heteronyms
  19. homographs
  20. homonym_list
  21. homonyms2
  22. Framing the Dems How conservatives control political debate, by George Lakoff
  23. Warspeak Linguistic Collateral Damage, by Dr Language
  24. Can colorless green ideas sleep furiously
  25. How language is framing the stem cell debate
  26. Language Ambiguity A Curse and a Blessing, by Cecilia Quiroga-Clare
  27. The Very Best of British Slang...
  28. ¿Por qué aún no podemos ``hablar'' con una computadora?


  1. SIL - Materiales para la enseñanza de la semántica y pragmática
  2. La homonimia
  3. La metáfora
  4. 100 palabras polisémicas con sus acepciones (versión PDF)
  5. Strategies for Accessing Bilingual Dictionaries
  6. The Dictionary as a Secondary Source in Language Learning, by Joel Walz
  7. The Polysemy of the Conjunction y in Spanish Proverbs, by Irma Alarcon
  8. To Catch a Metaphor You as Norm, by Dwight Bolinger
  9. Gustar and Other Psych Verbs A Problem in Transitivity, by M Stanley Whitley
  10. Contribucion al estudio de la semantica de los verbos modales, by John Wonder
  11. Semántica Léxica - PPT Presentación - Jon Aske (PPS)
  12. Introducción a la semántica de la oración, por Xavier Frías Conde (PDF) (source)
  13. Niveles léxicos - Significación de las palabras
  14. Las relaciones semánticas
  15. Semántica
  16. Encarta: semántica
  17. Common False Friends in Spanish and English
  18. El significado de la palabra application
  19. El significado de la palabra cuero
  20. El significado de la palabra get
  21. El significado de la palabra give
  22. El significado de la palabra go
  23. El significado de la palabra have
  24. El significado de la palabra order
  25. El significado de la palabra pelar
  26. El significado de la palabra pelo
  27. El significado de la palabra pie
  28. El significado de la palabra piso
  29. El significado de la palabra sign-signal
  30. El significado de la palabra sorry
  31. El significado de la palabra table
  32. El significado de la palabra take
  33. El significado de la palabra try
  34. La palabra GüERO
  35. palabras_dar
  36. El Castellano: Palabra del día Hot!
  37. False Friends Often Lead to Mistakes, by Gerald Erichsen
  38. Spanish-English cognates
  39. Fickle friends
  40. False cognates
  41. False Cognates Falsos Amigos
  42. Spanish Words Become Our Own
  43. Cognates Improve Your Spanish Spelling
  44. Becoming a Translator Looking Beyond Bilingualism, by M Eta Trabing
  45. Translation Journal: [outside link]
  46. Translators’ On-Line Resources [outside link]
  47. En femenino por favor, por Isabel Alamar
  48. The Castilian reflexes of ABHORRERE-ABHORRESCERE A case-study in valency, by Christopher Pountain
  49. Some Major Dates and Events in the History of Translation by Alex Gross
  50. Gains in Translation Software Aims to Cut Through the Babble Better
  51. The influence of English on modern Spanish

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  1. Pragmatics, by Mark Liberman
  2. Pragmatics, by Chip Gerfen
  3. Dubbing makes Shrek funny in foreign languages


  1. Introducción a la pragmática, por Xavier Frías Conde (PDF) (source)
  2. Isabel Alamar: Marcadores del discurso

Sociolinguistics and dialectology

  1. Sociolinguistics, by Mark Liberman
  2. Cameron, Deborah and Coates, Jennifer. Some problems in the sociolinguistic explanation of sex differences (Chapter 2). Pp. 13-25. in Jennifer Coates and Deborah Cameron, editors. 1989. Women in their speech communities. New York: Longman (PDF) (source)
  3. Guy, Gregory. "Language and Social Class." Language: The Socio-cultural Context. Ed. Frederick Newmeyer. Linguistics: The Cambridge Survey 4. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1988. 37 (PDF) (source)
  4. Jane Hill, Language, race, and white public space American anthropologist. 100(3): 680-689. (PDF) (source)
  5. Varieties of English (site) [outside link] (includes Boston English and African-American English)
  6. Wardhaugh, Ronald. Chapter1: Introduction and Chapter 2: Languages, Dialects and Varieties. in An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. 1992. Cambridge Mass: Basil Blackwell. pp. 1-54 (PDF) (source)
  7. New Yawk Talk March 12th NPR interview of William Labov on his 40-year study of the various accents of New York City [outside link] (NPR radio interview) (Real Audio)
  8. Sources for Research in Sociolinguistics
  9. Sociolinguistics, by Chip Gerfen
  10. Introduction to sociolinguistics
  11. Sociolinguistics
  12. Sociolinguistics From Wikipedia
  13. The Atlas of North American English [outside link]
  14. Coexistent systems in African-American English, by William Labov
  15. The routes of English (BBC) [outside link]
  16. Xrefer: Dialect
  17. Xrefer: Sociolinguistics
  18. Xrefer: Diglossia
  19. Xrefer: American English
  20. Xrefer: Standard
  21. US-British dictionary (TOC)
  22. Super-sized OED: Definitive big book of words keeps gigantifying
  23. The Organization of Dialect Diversity in North America, by William Labov
  24. Ebonics
  25. LSA: FAQ What is Ebonics
  26. Using the Vernacular to Teach the Standard, by John Rickford
  27. Suite for Ebony and Phonics, by John Rickford
  28. The Creole Origins of African American Vernacular English, by John Rickford
  29. The Ebonics controversy in my backyard, by John Rickford
  30. McWhorter, John. 1998 The Word on the Street: Fact and Fable about American English. "Dialect in the Headlines: Black English in the Classroom?" (chapter 8) pp. 201-261. New York: Plenum Press. (PDF) (source)
  31. Google: Sociolinguistics [outside link]
  32. Sociolingüística y sociología del lenguaje, por Fco Javier Sánchez García
  33. LSA: FAQ Accents
  34. LSA: Fields of Linguistics - Sociolinguistics by Walt Wolfram
  35. LSA: Fields of Linguistics - Multilingualism by Guadalupe Valdés
  36. Explore Linguistics Sociolinguistics by Cyndi Pattee
  37. Linguists and Linguicide The Case of Kurdish, by Amir Hassanpour
  38. Agenda for Inaction A Critique of the National Research Council Report Improving Schooling for Language-Minority Children, by James Crawford
  39. Hard Sell: Why Is Bilingual Education So Unpopular with the American Public?, by James Crawford
  40. The Bilingual Education Story: Why Can't the News Media Get It Right? by James Crawford
  41. Surviving the English Only Assault: Public Attitudes and the Future of Language Education, by James Crawford
  42. Anatomy of the English-Only Movement, by James Crawford
  43. Seven Hypotheses on Language Loss Causes and Cures, by James Crawford
  44. Heritage Languages in America Tapping a Hidden Resource, by James Crawford
  45. Legislating Language Anglo-Paranoia in the USA, by James Crawford
  46. The future of Spanish in the United States, by Max Castro
  47. Would you like your children to speak English and Spanish
  48. The word you and societys status lines, by William Shetter
  49. Is Please passe Cincinnatians unusual use of this word
  50. Fears of an Anglo-Saxon takeover of the online world are unfounded
  51. The Drawl Is Coming, Yall
  52. Variation in Speech, by Peter Roach
  53. The Speech Accent Archive (many languages) [outside link]
  54. Whatever happened to Received Pronunciation, by JC Wells
  55. Latino Responses To Racist Discourse, by Ana Celia Zentella (original)
  56. Spanish and English in the 21st century (PDF, source)
  57. In Bolivia Speaking Up For Native Languages

Sociolingüística: Comunicación Intercultural

  1. Intercultural Communication: A Reader: 1) Understanding Intercultural Communication: An Introduction and Overview, by Larry A Samovar and Richard E. Porter; 2) US Americans and Mexicans Working Together: Five Core Mexican Concepts for Enhancing Effectiveness by Sheryl Lindsley
  2. Yo no sé si no me explico o es que no me entiendes, por Jesús Fernández
  3. Cosas de hombres cosas de mujeres: La comunicación entre sexos, por Jesús Fernández 2004
  4. ¿Puedo tener un café con leche?, por Jesús Fernández
  5. Exploring Cultural Differences, by Bill Hoffa
  6. Intercultural Research: The Current State of Knowledge, by Stephan Dahl (source)
  7. The Difference Between Boys and Girls: Boys and Girls Get Different Messages About Speaking Their Minds (ABC News)
  8. Tannen explores the language of mothers and daughters
  9. Tannen Applies Tools of Linguistics to Mend Mother-Daughter Divide
  10. Cant We Talk Condensed from You Just Don't Understand by Deborah Tannen
  11. On the differences between men and women, by Dave Berry
  12. An Online Interview with Deborah Tannen on The Argument Culture (MP3 audio file) (source)
  13. Agreeing To Disagree The Culture Of Argument In America A Conversation With Deborah Tannen And Michael Toms
  14. Tú no me entiendes (You Just Don't Understand), por Deborah Tannen (libro entero en PDF); Capítulo 1, PDF, revisado
  15. The Argument Culture An Interview with Deborah Tannen
  16. The Art of Crossing Cultures, by Craig Stori
  17. Intercultural Communication: What is culture, by Scollon and Scollon
  18. Communication between cultures, by Samovar and, porter
  19. La cultura y la lengua Comunicacion intercultural (with_spaces)
  20. Miguel Rodrigo La comunicacion intercultural
  21. La cultura y la lengua Comunicacion intercultural
  22. Culture Matters Workbook [outside link] Workbook (PDF)
  23. Learning About Culture (Peace Corps) [outside link]
  24. Talking from 9 to 5, by Deborah Tannen Chapter 2: "I'm Sorry, I'm Not Apologizing": Conversational Rituals
  25. Culture Matters - The Peace Corps Cross-Cultural Workbook:
    "Culture Matters is recommended for high school and college use and selective use for older middle school students. This cross-cultural training workbook was designed to prepare new Peace Corps Volunteers to live and work effectively and respectfully in their host country."
    English - PDF [outside link] (local copy); Español [outside link] (local copy); Excerpts - Inglés; Extracto - Español
  26. SIL - Curso en la empatía cultural
  27. The Washington Post: Did You Catch That? Why They're Talking as Fast as They Can by Deborah Tannen
  28. Asi hablan las mujeres, por Pilar Garcia Mouton
  29. Sinopsis y reseñas de Así hablan las mujeres, por Pilar Garcia Mouton (PDF)
  30. Language and culture: Hola vs. hello
  31. Did You Catch That Why Theyre Talking as Fast as They Can, by Deborah Tannen
  32. With Age Comes A Clearer Connection, by Deborah Tannen
  33. Why Dads Dont Talk, by Deborah Tannen
  34. I Heard What You Didnt Say by Deborah Tannen
  35. Listening to Men Then and Now, by Deborah Tannen
  36. Apologies: What It Means to Say Sorry, by Deborah Tannen
  37. For Argument's Sake; Why Do We Feel Compelled to Fight About Everything?, by Deborah Tannen
  38. I'm Sorry, I Won't Apologize, by Deborah Tannen
  39. Getting Through the Holidays One Careful Word at a Time, by Deborah Tannen
  40. The Talk of the Sandbox; How Johnny and Suzy's Playground Chatter Prepares Them for Life at the Office, by Deborah Tannen
  41. You Can Talk Your Way Through Glass Ceiling, by Deborah Tannen
  42. How To Give Orders Like a Man by Deborah Tannen
  43. Gender Gap in Cyberspace, by Deborah Tannen
  44. The Triumph of the Yell, by Deborah Tannen
  45. Wears Jump Suit. Sensible Shoes. Uses Husband's Last Name. (originally titled "Marked Women, Unmarked Men"), by Deborah Tannen
  46. Sex Lies and Conversation, by Deborah Tannen
  47. When You Shouldnt Tell It Like It Is, by Deborah Tannen
  48. The world according to myself, by Jesús Fernández González (HTML sección sobre diferencias en la comunicación, in original PDF format A4, 11pgs., Excerpts in PDF, in modified PDF, 8pgs)
  49. English-only Latinos on rise
  50. English-Only Latinos Face The Shame of Not Speaking Spanish
  51. Chicken Soup for the Latino Soul In My Classroom
  52. Cross-Cultural Communication, by Michelle LeBaron
  53. Working on Common Cross-cultural Communication Challenges (pdf)
  54. Tannen He Said She Said (MPEG VIDEO, 800MB)

Sociolingüística y dialectología

  1. Ceceo y seseo Origen y evolución histórica, por Justo Fernández López
  2. Dicen, canción de Martirio (Ejemplo de ceceo): La canción (MP3) y Texto
  3. Er peo, poema de El Sevilla (ejemplo de ceceo): El poema leído por El Sevilla y el texto
  4. Manu Sánchez: Whiskypedia Inalámbrico con El Sevilla (Er Zebiya) (ejemplo de ceceo), Manu Sánchez hombre vs mujer
  5. Dialectología española (apuntes), por Narciso Contreras Izquierdo
  6. Cómo hablamos los dominicanos: Un enfoque sociolingüístico, por Orlando Alba (libro)
  7. /-r/ en el español no estándar de la región suroriental cubana, por el Dr. Vicente Jesús Figueroa Arencibia
  8. Índice de la lectura de «En el campo», leída por hablantes de varios dialectos
  9. -Language attitudes in an Anglo-Hispanic context: the role of the linguistic landscape
  10. Examining the role of language attitudes and motivation on the sociocultural adjustment and the job performance of sojourners in Spain
  11. Pre-Service Teacher Attitudes Toward Differing Dialects
  12. The social life of phonetics and phonology
  13. How Languages Influence Each Other By Edward Sapir
  14. Del uso sociolingüístico de las oclusivas posnucleares en el español peninsular norteño, Marta M. Antón, Hispania, Vol. 81, No. 4. (Dec., 1998), pp. 949-958
  15. Variación fonológica y estilística en el español de Puerto Rico, Antonio Medina-Rivera, Hispania, Vol. 82, No. 3. (Sep., 1999), pp. 529-541
  16. Elogio del ceceo, por Luis Carlos Diaz Salgado
  17. The Vagaries of the Spanish S, by Antonio H Obaid
  18. Existe el dialecto andaluz?, por Manuel Alvar
  19. Wikipedia: Spanish dialects and varieties
  20. Encarta: sociolinguistica
  21. Razones de la educación monolingüe
  22. Los conceptos de modalidad regional dialecto y variedad estandar, por Miguel Calderon Campos
  23. Diferencias en nombres de alimentos en América y España
  24. ¿Qué es la sociolingüística? PowerPoint (source)
  25. Gradual loss of mood distinction in Los Angeles Spanish (Carmen Silva-Corvalán) (source)
  26. NYT In Simple Pronouns Clues to Shifting Latino Identity
  27. Spread of Spanish Being Greeted by Unwelcome Signs, by William Branigin
  28. Validating and Promoting Spanish in the United States: Lessons from Linguistic Science María Carreira
  29. Swapping Language and Culture with Mexico, by Bárbara Renaud González
  30. Artículos de Emilio Bernal Labrada
  31. Frazer, Timothy C. "Chicano English and Spanish Interference in the Midwestern United States." American Speech 71.1 (Spring 1996): 72-85. (PDF) (source)
  32. A comparison of code switching in adults and children, by Julianne Hammink
  33. Spanish, English or Both? Rena Cacoullos is working toward dispelling the myths about the mixing of languages
  34. Language Politics in the USA The Paradox of Bilingual Education by James Crawford
  35. La educación bilingüe en Estados Unidos Política versus pedagogía, por James Crawford
  36. El español en el mundo: Frutos del último siglo de contactos lingüísticos, por John M Lipski (source)
  37. Spanish Linguistics: The past 100 Years: Retrospective and Bibliography John M. Lipski (1998)
  38. Rethinking the place of Spanish, by John M Lipski (PDF) (source)
  39. La africanía del español caribeño Estado de la cuestión, por John M. Lipski (PDF) (source)
  40. El español que se habla en El Salvador y su importancia para la dialectología hispanoamericana, por John M. Lipski (PDF) (source)
  41. Subject pronoun usage among Spanish dialects, by John M Lipski (PDF) (source)
  42. Spanish world-wide The last century of language contacts, by John M Lipski (PDF) (source)
  43. La lingüística románica en los Estados Unidos: logros principales del último siglo, por John M Lipski (PDF) (source)
  44. El español de América y los contactos bilingües recientes, por John Lipski (PDF format) (source)
  45. The role of the city in the formation of Spanish American dialect zones, by John M. Lipski (PDF) (source)
  46. A new perspective on Afro-Dominican Spanish The Haitian contribution, by John M Lipski (PDF) (source)
  47. Toward a better understanding of code switching and interlanguage in bilinguality, by Luisa Duran
  48. Issues in Code-Switching Competing Theories and Models, by Erman Boztepe (PDF) (source)
  49. Spanish for Native Speakers: A Look at Bidilectalism and Code-switching, by Gregory L. Thompson (PDF) (source)
  50. Code-Switching Bilingualism and Biliteracy A Case Study Huerta-Macias and Quintero (PDF) (source)
  51. El español de América
  52. Code Switching Between Spanish And English In Contemporary American Society, by Jessica Koziol (PDF) (source)
  53. Bilingual education The acquisition of English and the retention and loss of Spanish
  54. Bilingual Review Spanish English bilingual codeswitching, by Kristin Becker
  55. El Castellano La diversidad linguistica en España, por Francisco Javier Cubero
  56. Sexo, genética y género, por Alfonso Oroz
  57. En masculino y en femenino
  58. El español como lengua de minorías, por Florencia Cortés Conde
  59. El español en España y el español en América, por Gregorio Salvador
  60. Xrefer: code mixing, code switching
  61. Xrefer: Puerto Rico
  62. Alvaro García Meseguer: El español, una lengua no sexista
  63. ¿Es sexista la lengua española? Por álvaro García Meseguer (PDF, fuente)
  64. Género y lengua, de Miguel A. Román
  65. Sexismo y lenguaje El estado de la cuestión: Reflejos en la prensa, por Soledad de Andrés Castellanos
  66. Sexismo y lenguaje El estado de la cuestión: Reflejos en la prensa II, por Soledad de Andrés Castellanos
  67. Propuestas para evitar el sexismo en el lenguaje
  68. Manual de lenguaje administrativo no sexista (Ayuntamiento de Málaga)
  69. El sexismo que llevamos dentro, por Maricel Chavarría
  70. ¿Es el español un lenguaje sexista? Un Instituto de la Mujer pide cambios (El País, 20061201)
  71. Narices con poco olfato (sobre el sexismo en el español), por Javier Marías
  72. El diccionario impertinente, por álvaro de Cózar
  73. La Lengua de Andalucía, por Ventura Salazar García
  74. La Lengua de los andaluces, por José Jesús de Bustos Tovar
  75. Jergas del español
  76. Encarta: dialecto
  77. Encarta: español de America
  78. Diccionarios de variantes del español [outside link]
  79. El diccionario por antonomasia, por JA Millan (sobre la nueva edición del Diccionario de la Academia)
  80. Historia de la Real Academia Española
  81. Novedades en un diccionario "Esencial" Obra de la Real Academia de la Lengua, EFE - 13 de Noviembre de 2006
  82. Los retos del español - Presentan diccionario panhispánico
  83. El lenguaje esotérico de Don Quijote
  84. El Quijote de Dalí va al sicoanalista
  85. El aljamia la lengua romance de Andalucia
  86. El español de América, por Rafael Lapesa
  87. El Gallego
  88. Presentación: Comunicación y cultura
  89. Constructing a Bilingual Identity Conversation Analysis of Spanish/English Language Use in a Television Interview, by Holly R. Cashman (PDF) (source)
  90. BBC Mundo com Yo digo lo que tú callas
  91. The Spanish of Andalusia
  92. Wikipedia: Mexican Spanish
  93. Wikipedia: Spanish language
  94. Areas dialectales del español americano (source)
  95. Enigmas of Cuban Spanish, by Anthony Rivas
  96. Las lenguas aborígenes de América
  97. El español de América, por Justo Fernández López
  98. Formas de tratamiento-Voseo
  99. Las formulas de tratamiendo en el espanol actual, por Norma Carricaburo
  100. Geografia y morfologia del voseo, por Jose Pedro Rona
  101. El voseo Una manera americana de hablar Anne Margrethe Sonneland
  102. El voseo Una manera americana de hablar, por Anne Margrethe Sønneland
  103. Gender Roles and the Variants of r, by Mariadelaluz Matus-Mendoza
  104. Varieties of Spanish, by Ian Mackenzie (PDF)
  105. Variables dialectales del español, por Mariela Pérez Chavarría
  106. Demografía de la lengua española - Francisco Moreno Fernández y Jaime Otero
  107. El Portal al Mundo Hispano: Video clips of native speakers of Spanish [outside link]
  108. Leísmo - laísmo loísmo Un enfoque sociolingüístico, por Justo Fernández López
  109. Er peo (El Sevilla, de Mojinos Escozios)
  110. Unidad y diversidad del español, por Carlos Fuentes
  111. Cambio en curso Las vibrantes en la ciudad de Mexico Yolanda Lastra
  112. The Case for Andalucismo Re-Examined, by Marcel Danesi
  113. Phonological Variants Latin-American Spanish, by Melvyn Resnick
  114. Bibliography Spanish American Dialectology
  115. Actitudes lingüísticas en Mérida y Maracaibo: Otra cara de la identidad, Alexandra álvarez, Hernán Martínez y Lino Urdaneta
  116. The_Phonemic_Systems_of_Argentinian_Spanish_By_Vladimir_Honsa
  117. A Note on the /y/ Phoneme of Porteño Spanish, by David William Foster
  118. Review of Three Essays on Linguistic Diversity in the Spanish-Speaking World: The U. S. Southwest and the River Plate Area, by Jacob Ornstein
  119. Dialect Zones and Automatic Dialect Identification in Latin American Spanish Melvyn C. Resnick Hispania, Vol. 52, Membership Issue. (Oct., 1969), pp. 553-568
  120. Estado actual de las lenguas aborígenes de Chile, por Gilberto Sánchez C.
  121. Sociolinguistics and Linguistic Anthropology of US Latinos, de Norma Mendoza-Denton (Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. 28. (1999), pp. 375-395)
  122. Contact-Induced Language Change in Lima, Peru: The Case of Clitic Pronouns, por Carol A. Klee and Rocío Caravedo
  123. Andalucismo, poligénesis y koineización Dialectología e ideología, por José del Valle
  124. Las variedades dialectales de Cuba, por Patricia Cáceres, Carol Muñoz y Mabel Olalde

Spanish in the USA

  1. Spanglish The Third Way, Alberto Cañas
  2. La lengua española en los Estados Unidos: Avanza a la vez que retrocede, por John M Lipski (PDF, DRAFT) (source)
  3. El español avanza en Estados Unidos
  4. La lengua española en los Estados Unidos Avanza y retrocede Hot!
  5. Linguists map how Spanish dialects merge and diverge
  6. Spanglish The History and Language of Spanish-Speaking People in the USA, by Marika Koivisto
  7. Hispanics and Education in the USA, by Leena Laaksonen
  8. Spanish English or Spanglish Truth and Consequences of US Latino Bilingualism By John Lipski
  9. Origins and Destinies: Immigration to the United States Since World War II Rubén G. Rumbaut; Sociological Forum, Vol. 9, No. 4, Special Issue: Multiculturalism and Diversity. (Dec., 1994), pp. 583-621.
  10. Only English by the Third Generation? Loss and Preservation of the Mother Tongue among the Grandchildren of Contemporary Immigrants; Richard Alba; John Logan; Amy Lutz; Brian Stults; Demography, Vol. 39, No. 3. (Aug., 2002), pp. 467-484
  11. Minority Identity and Self-Esteem; J. R. Porter; R. E. Washington; Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 19. (1993), pp. 139-161.
  12. White, Black, or Puerto Rican? Racial Self-Identification among Mainland and Island Puerto Ricans; Nancy S. Landale; R.S. Oropesa; Social Forces, Vol. 81, No. 1. (Sep., 2002), pp. 231-254.

Spanglish, traducción

  1. Los anglicismos en el Diccionario de la RAE 2001 Elena Domínguez Mejías
  2. Los términos informáticos en el Diccionario de la Academia, de José Antonio Millán
  3. El español en las traducciones de Hollywood
  4. Livin' hablando spanglish (El Mundo, La Revista)
  5. That curious mixture of English and Spanish is here to stay, by Alex Johnson
  6. Spanish-English Hybrid is Spoken with no Apologies, by Lizette Alvarez
  7. Code switching and interlanguage, by Luisa Duran
  8. Code-Switching Roberto R Heredia and Jeffrey M Brown
  9. Code Switching as a Countenance of Language Interference, by Richard Skiba
  10. Is "Spanglish" the third language of the South?, by John Lipski (PDF version)
  11. Zentella, Ana Celia. 1997. The Hows and Whys of Spanglish (chapter 5), in Growing up Bilingual. Oxford/Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers. 80-114 (PDF) (source)
  12. Xrefer: spanglish
  13. El vigor del spanglish, por Javier Valenzuela
  14. Espanglish en Internet y en la computación/informática, por Xosé Castro
  15. El ciberespanglish, el español comercial y el español neutro en la Red, por Xosé Castro Roig
  16. Hablar spanglish es devaluar el español, por Roberto González-Echeverría
  17. Spanglish, A New American Language Book Documents English Words with a Spanish Twist (NPR radio program) [outside link]
  18. El trujamán: Se es o no se es, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  19. El espangles en las noticias, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  20. El medio tiempo del supertazón, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  21. No llamadas a no personas, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  22. Las evidencias engañan, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  23. El trujamán El gato en-zinc-ado, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  24. El trujamán: Descuidos descuidados, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  25. El trujamán: Testamento en vida, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  26. Boston Globe: Spanglish looks at what tt is to be Latino
  27. Spanglish: That curious mixture of English and Spanish is here to stay, by Alex Johnson
  28. What happens when two languages become one Conversation with Ilan Stavans
  29. Spanglish: English's Assault on Spanish
  30. Mock Spanish The Indexical Reproduction Of Racism In American English, by Jane H Hill
  31. El Spanglish en Nuestra Comunidad, by Graciela Bertazzi Marina Catuogno and Adriana Mallo
  32. The Spanglish Revolution Has Reached the Airwaves, by José Armas
  33. Impulsor del spanglish desafía a profesores, traductores y lingüistas
  34. El tabaco perjudica al idioma, por Xosé Castro
  35. NPR: Spanglish in school
  36. Spanglish is a Commercial Hit, by Olivia Muñoz
  37. El Spanglish moving into the mainstream, by Daniel Hernandez
  38. Internet Un peligro para el castellano
  39. El spanglish: un fenómeno lingüístico que se abre paso en los EEUU
  40. Latinos in the United States Not for the purists
  41. El Trujamán: A lo hecho pecho, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  42. El Trujamán: Alto y bajo cabe con contra, por Xose Castro Roig
  43. El Trujamán: Bahamas, Bermuda y otros trastrueques caribeños, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  44. El Trujamán: Bastardos y putativos, por Xose Castro Roig
  45. El Trujamán: Bolsas debajo de los ojos, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  46. El Trujamán: Buenas intenciones, malas lecciones, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  47. El Trujamán: Cómo juzgamos una traducción, por Enrique Bernardez
  48. El Trujamán: Compensaciones del espíritu, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  49. El trujamán: El estatuto de limitaciones, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  50. El trujamán: Historias noticiables, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  51. El trujamán: Votos ausentes, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  52. El trujamán: Tomar con cordura, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  53. El trujamán: Ahora exhibiendose, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  54. El Trujamán: Computadoras insoportables, por Xose Castro Roig
  55. El Trujamán: Correo electrónico, por Xose Castro Roig
  56. El Trujamán: Cuestión de perspectivas, por Josep Bonet
  57. El Trujamán: De muros y murallas, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  58. El Trujamán: El acta de inmigración, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  59. El Trujamán: El año milenario La muerte en el trabajo y el fin del mundo, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  60. El Trujamán: El enmascaramiento de la imagen, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  61. El Trujamán: El tranvía erótico, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  62. El Trujamán: Elementos de origen grecolatino en la terminología médica, por José Antonio Díaz Rojo
  63. El Trujamán: En la guerra, balacera idiomática, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  64. El Trujamán: Es que hay calor en el Cabo de Hornos, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  65. El Trujamán: Es tiempo de cambiar, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  66. El Trujamán: Evita El llanto de Argentina, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  67. El Trujamán: Excusas sin pretexto, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  68. El trujamán: Pasos pozas y pesas, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  69. El trujamán: La altura del peligro, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  70. El trujamán - El medio tiempo del supertazón, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  71. El trujamán - ¡So copiones!, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  72. El trujamán - Al que no quiere caldo, dos tazas, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  73. El trujamán - Prender en fuego, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  74. El trujamán: Puertas ventanas y records, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  75. El trujamán - Sorpresa: el español, hablado fluentemente, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  76. El trujamán - La altura del peligro, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  77. El trujamán - Pagar un alto precio, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  78. El trujamán - «No llamadas» a «no personas», por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  79. El Trujamán: Fracasados, por Salvador Pena Martin
  80. El Trujamán: La casita de la pradera, por Marcos Canovas
  81. El Trujamán: La ciencia ficción ficción pseudocientífica, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  82. El Trujamán: La construccion no sustantivo, por Jose Antonio Diaz Rojo
  83. El Trujamán: La cultura de la queja, por Xose Castro Roig
  84. El Trujamán: La fecha de caducidad, por Bertha Gutierrez Rodilla
  85. El Trujamán: La privacidad, por Xose Castro Roig
  86. El Trujamán: Literalmente o metaforicamente, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  87. El Trujamán: Lo bueno si breve, por Xose Castro Roig
  88. El Trujamán: Lo que el viento nos dejó y el teléfono nos trajo
  89. El Trujamán: Mama quiero ser artista, por Xose Castro Roig
  90. El Trujamán: No moleste al aeropuerto, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  91. El Trujamán: Nuevo año viejos errores, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  92. El Trujamán: Opcionalmente optativo, por Xose Castro Roig
  93. El Trujamán: Personas privadas por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  94. El Trujamán: Recursos alocados, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  95. El Trujamán: Se honesto, por Xose Castro Roig
  96. El Trujamán: Secuela de un tributo patético a un villano perdedor, por Xose Castro Roig
  97. El Trujamán: Sobre ayes y puajs, por Xose Castro Roig
  98. El Trujamán: Titulos de pelicula, por Xose Castro Roig
  99. El Trujamán: Totum revolutum, por Xose Castro Roig
  100. El Trujamán: Traductor versus machina, por Xose Castro Roig
  101. El Trujamán: Traductores universitarios, por Xose Castro Roig
  102. El Trujamán: Uno para todos, por Xose Castro Roig
  103. ¿Violencia «de género» o violencia doméstica?
  104. Towards New Dialects Spanglish in the United States, by Susana Olague
  105. NPR: Spanglish, A New American Language [outside link]
  106. To spanglish o no al spanglish, por Guillermo Rose
  107. Spanglish tickling the tongue, by Ilan Stavans
  108. SpanSIG: El acoso del espanol por los anglicismos
  109. SpanSIG: El ciberespanglish el espanol comercial y el espanol neutro, por Xose Castro Roig
  110. SpanSIG Espanglish en internet y en la computacion informatica, por Xose Castro Roig
  111. Don Quijote: Su traducción al spanglish dispara la controversia
  112. Education Digest Spanglish is here to stay, by Isis Artze
  113. El espanol y el mundial, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  114. Idiomas diferentes, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  115. El Castellano: Impulsor del spanglish desafía a profesores traductores y lingüistas
  116. SpanSIG: Hilando fino con El agua y el vino
  117. SpanSIG: Hilando fino con el gerundio
  118. SpanSIG: Hilando fino con el gerundio header
  119. SpanSIG: Hilando fino Participios
  120. SpanSIG: La incidencia del espanglish, por Leticia Molinero
  121. SpanSIG Lo que son los nombres hispano y latino, por Pere Mora Romà
  122. SpanSIG: Los nombres hispano y latino
  123. SpanSIG: Terminologia legal y financiera
  124. SpanSIG: Terminos comunes del sistema de salud de EEUU
  125. SpanSIG: Traduccion financiera Earnings ingresos o beneficios, por Leticia Molinero
  126. SpanSIG: Health services system and translation, by Maria Cornelio
  127. El traductor, por Amaia Gabantxo Traductora
  128. La legitimacion del bastardo, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  129. La publicidad en spanglish, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  130. La traduccion de la palabra inglesa gender
  131. La traduccion y la interpretacion en espanol, por Julia Escobar
  132. El cajetín de la lengua: Amos de casa, azafatos, encajeros, prostitutos, etc.
  133. El cajetín de la lengua: Arbitra, por Ana Maria Vigara Tauste
  134. El cajetín de la lengua: Arquitectas_ingenieras_ministras_etc
  135. El cajetín de la lengua: Ministras arrieras y azabacheras etc
  136. Ponte fuerte y hable con un doctor, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  137. PUNTOYCOMA: Cost-effective
  138. Retazos del bien y el mal decir, por Emilio Bernal Labrada
  139. Revista PANAL Real Academia Española introduce cambios
  140. Revolucionarias reformas ortográficas de la Real Academia de la Lengua
  141. RAE: Respuestas a las Preguntas Más Frecuentes
  142. Glorias y miserias de la traducción automática,, por Juan Manuel de la Fuente

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Historical (diachronic) linguistics

  1. Figurative Language in the evolution of the Spanish Verb
  2. Is English Changing?, by Betty Birner
  3. The Indo-European Family of Languages
  4. What are the origins of the English Language?
  5. A Practical Handbook of Medieval Latin, by Dag Norberg
  6. El Origen de Algunas Palabras de Uso Juridico, por Antonio Tursi
  7. Cultismos (diversas citas sobre los cultismos y semicultismos)
  8. Evolucion Fonetica del Latin al Castellano
  9. Language change and evolution, by George Boeree
  10. Language Families of The World, by George Boeree
  11. The_Indo-European Family of Languages, by George Boeree
  12. The Evolution of English, by George Boeree
  13. The Evolution of the Indo-European Languages, by George Boeree
  14. The Origin of the Alphabet, by George Boeree
  15. The Evolution of Alphabets, by George Boeree
  16. Introducción a la escritura medieval iberorrománica, por Xavier Frías Conde (PDF) (source)
  17. Words: Where do they come from, by Dr Language
  18. The Indo-European Language Families
  19. Roots of the Proto-Indo-European Language
  20. Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans, by Calvert Watkins
  21. The Indo-European Family of Languages Radial graph
  22. Dr Language A History of an Historical Quirk
  23. How Cotton Came to Harlem, by Christopher Ehret
  24. Pizza is a German Word, by Martin Maiden
  25. How is a hippo like a feather (Historical Linguistics)
  26. The Chaos (of English spelling)
  27. Hogg: The standardization of English
  28. A Brief Look at the History of English
  29. In Search of the First Language
  30. Historical Linguistics, by Chip Gerfen
  31. Dialects of Italy, Map, Ancient languages Map
  32. Neapolitan: An Introductory Course
  33. Roman Empire map
  34. The Sicilian language
  35. Driving Forces in Linguistic Change, by William Labov
  36. Five events which shaped the history of English
  37. History of the English Language
  38. A Very Brief History of the English Language
  39. Borrowers and Lenders, by William Shetter
  40. A rose by any other name - Losing something in translation
  41. The odd history of omnibus
  42. Engine and motor Two closely-related words investigated
  43. History of the English Language: Unit 1 Background and Prehistory [outside link]
  44. History of the English Language [outside link]
  45. The Middle English Period: ca. 1100 A.D. - 1500 A.D. [outside link]
  46. English Language History Online Resources [outside link]
  47. 4.2 Indo-European culture [outside link],
  48. 4.4 More English History [outside link]
  49. The Great Vowel Shift (in the English language)
  50. LSA FAQ Is the English language changing
  51. The effect of the Norman Conquest on the English Language
  52. Etymologically_Speaking
  53. The Lords Prayer in Old English (another version)
  54. [outside link]: "this site is devoted to the origins of words and phrases"
  55. The Lord's Prayer in Old English (hear it the way it sounded 1000 years ago) [outside link]
  56. History of the English Language Links - Department of English, University of Toronto [outside link]
  57. Google: Historical Linguistics links [outside link]
  58. Gain and loss of morphemes and words in English (PDF) [outside link]
  59. Web Lectures: 4.1 Indo-European languages [outside link],
  60. Etymology: Influence of other Languages on English, Loanwords / Cognates [outside link]
  61. English Historical Linguistics: bibliographical resources, research projects and other interesting sites [outside link]
  62. History of the English Language links [outside link]
  63. Language families and the mists of time, by William Shetter
  64. What 400 years can do in a language, by William Shetter
  65. Roman rebound
  66. Historical linguistics
  67. ENGL 4301 Tim Morris History and Development of the English Language:
  68. Words on Word History, by Phil Baldi
  69. What We All Spoke When the World Was Young (Greenberg, Nostratic)
  70. Etymologically_Speaking
  71. The development of languages is nothing like biological evolution
  72. Encarta: Latin Language
  73. Wikipedia: English Language [outside link]
  74. Wikipedia: History of the English Language [outside link]
  75. Encyclopaedia Britannica Characteristics of Modern English Vocabulary
  76. Online Etymology Dictionary [outside link]
  77. State Mottoes
  78. Etymology of English Words
  79. Take Our Word for It Spotlight on carrying on
  80. Take our word for it Spotlight on singletons
  81. Take our word for it The etymology of some obscenities
  82. The history of the name Mexico
  83. The origin of the names James, Jacob, Diego, Yago, and Santiago
  84. Santiago (and a History of the Iberian Peninsula in the Middle Ages)
  1. Latin For Mountain Men
  2. Latin language Lingua latina
  3. Why Study Latin
  4. The Idea of Case in Latin
  5. Latin-English Vocabulary II Hans H. Orberg (PDF)

Lingüística histórica

  1. Old Spanish Assechar and Its Variants, by Yakov Malkiel (1949)
  2. A Cluster of Four Homophones in Ibero-Romance, by Yakov Malkiel (Hispanic Review, Vol. 21, No. 1. (Jan., 1953), pp. 20-36)
  3. Some Diachronic Implications of Fluid Speech Communities, by Yakov Malkiel (American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 66, No. 6, Part 2: The Ethonography of Communication. (Dec., 1964), pp. 177-186.)
  4. Diphthongization, Monophthongization, Metaphony: Studies in Their Interaction in the Paradigm of the Old Spanish -IR Verbs, by Yakov Malkiel (Language, Vol. 42, No. 2. (Apr. - Jun., 1966), pp. 430-472.)
  5. Is There Room for "General Philology"? By Yakov Malkiel (Pacific Coast Philology, Vol. 1. (Apr., 1966), pp. 3-11.)
  6. The Jewish Heritage of Spain. (On the Occasion of Américo Castro's España en su historia), by Yakov Malkiel (Hispanic Review, Vol. 18, No. 4. (Oct., 1950), pp. 328-340.)
  7. Old Spanish Paladino, Palaciano, Palanciano, Palaciego, by Yakov Malkiel (PMLA, Vol. 65, No. 5. (Sep., 1950), pp. 944-974.)
  8. The Etymology of Hispanic que(i)xar, by Yakov Malkiel
  9. Difficulties in the Simultaneous Study of Spanish and Portuguese, by Yakov Malkiel (The Modern Language Journal > Vol. 25, No. 11 (Dec., 1941), pp. 853-856)
  10. The Two Sources of the Hispanic Suffix -azo, -aço By Yakov Malkiel (Language, Vol. 35, No. 2, Part 1. (Apr. - Jun., 1959), pp. 193-258.)
  11. Difficulties in the Simultaneous Study of Spanish and Portuguese By Yakov Malkiel (The Modern Language Journal, Vol. 25, No. 11. (Dec., 1941), pp. 853-856.)
  12. Uriel_Weinreich_1926-1967
  13. Linguistics as a Genetic Science, by Yakov Malkiel (Language, Vol. 43, No. 1. (Mar., 1967), pp. 223-245.)
  14. El sustrato gótico en castellano
  15. Los 1001 años de la lengua española, or Antonio Alatorre, Capítulos 1-3
  16. España e Islam: Dos caminos, Por Fran J. Girao
  17. Mis palabras italianas favoritas, Por Fran J. Girao
  18. La lengua latina (PDF)
  19. Gaudeamus igitur
  20. El léxico latino y su evolución (PDF)
  21. El léxico latino y español (PDF)
  22. Los 1001 años de la lengua española, por Antonio Alatorre (pp. 11-90) (PDF) (source)
  23. Problems in the Diachronic Differentiation of Near-Homophones_By_Yakov_Malkiel
  24. Palabras de origen frances en el DRAE
  25. Spanish Historical Linguistics Advances in the 1980s
  26. History of Spanish Language Irregularities
  27. History of Spanish Language Irregularities (PDF)
  28. Hualde: Historia del español (Unicode font) Hot!
    Excelente resumen de la historia externa e interna del español. Es necesario tener un tipo de letra de Unicode (Unicode font)
  29. Hualde: Capítulo 5 -Ejercicios (PDF)
  30. Breve Historia de España y del español (PPS) (Presentación, J. Aske)
  31. Resumen de los cambios fonéticos del latín al español (siguiendo a Hualde; Unicode font needed)
  32. Lista de vocabulario patrimonial y culto latino en español
  33. Historia y situación lingüística de España
  34. Español antiguo frente a castellano antiguo, por Adelino álvarez Rodriguez
  35. Variedades del idioma - La norma lingüística
  36. A Guide to Latin prepositions
  37. Latin preposition chart (PDF format)
  38. Cinco siglos de judeoespañol, por Hugo Rocha
  39. Latin prefixes
  40. Latin prefixes and suffixes
  41. Latin prepositions
  42. Judeo-español: Un castellano del siglo XV que vive aún
  43. Lengua española: Historia
  44. Parentescos sorprendentes, por Fernando Navarro
  45. Preguntas sobre la historia del espanol
  46. Tendencias de la lengua española en Estados Unidos, por Amparo Morales
  47. Encarta: lenguas aborigenes de hispanoamerica
  48. Encarta: lenguas indoeuropeas
  49. Encarta: lenguas italicas
  50. Encarta: lenguas retorromanicas
  51. Enciclopedia Encarta: Historia de la lengua española
  52. Enciclopedia Encarta : lengua catalana, lengua española, lengua francesa, lengua gallega, lengua italiana, lengua latina, lengua portuguesa, lengua provenzal, lengua rumana, lengua y literatura normando-francesas
  53. La Carta dei Dialetti d'Italia
  54. The Asturian Language
  55. La llingua de los leoneses
  56. The Catalan language
  57. Catalán y español comparados
  58. Latin General overview (Historical periods)
  59. Proto-Romance Classification
  60. Biblioteca Gonzalo de Berceo [outside link]
  61. La división del español de América en zonas dialectales
  62. La Represión Lingüística En Andalucía, por Paco Albaduli
  63. El español de Cuba a través de la historia, la geografía y la sociedad
  64. Azevedo: La lengua española en el mundo
  65. Penny: Gramática histórica del español - Introducción (English version, 2nd edition, incomplete)
  66. Historia del espanol Penny, Chapter 1 (PPS) (Presentación, J. Aske)
  67. Penny: Historia externa del español (capítulo 1, primera edición; Unicode font needed) Hot! (also in in PDF format) (2nd edition, sections 1.1-1.3; PDF; in English)
  68. Ralph Penny - Historia del Español - Capitulo 2: Summary of sound changes; SIL IPA font
  69. Historia de los sonidos del español - Ralph Penny - Capitulo_2
  70. Penny Chapter 2 Sound changes Summary
  71. Penny, A History of the Spanish Language 2e, Chapter 4: Lexis
  72. Penny, A History of the Spanish Language 2e, Chapter 5: Semantics
  73. Lathrop - Latin, ch 1, notes
  74. Mapa de las lenguas románicas
  75. Citas latinas
  76. Spanish history timeline (Pierson)
  77. Alfonso X el Sabio: Primeros pasos del castellano
  78. El léxico español: Cambios de significado
  79. Lengua francesa
  80. Lengua alemana
  81. Lengua española o castellana
  82. LINGUAWEB Descubre el origen de las palabras y expresiones de nuestro idioma, Descobreix l'origen de les paraules i expressions de la nostra llengua
  83. The etymology and history of first names [outside link]
  84. Arabismos
  85. Analisis de textos castellanos antiguos
  86. Vocabulario Derivacion Los cultismos
  87. Historia de la lengua en España
  88. Aforismos 1-2
  89. Aforismos 3-4
  90. La evolución fonética del latín al español
  91. El indoeuropeo 1
  92. El indoeuropeo 2
  93. Roma antigua [outside link]
  94. Constituent Elements of Catalan
  95. History of the Spanish Language Handouts, by Carmen de Urioste
  96. Mozarabe
  97. Origen de preposiciones y locuciones prepositivas y adverbiales
  98. Don Quijote Dictionary [outside link]
  99. Vocabulario patrimonial y culto latino en espanol e ingles
  100. La importancia del latín en el mundo de hoy, por Mario Eduardo Viaroa
  101. La importancia del latín en la educación, por Mario Eduardo Viaro
  102. Etimologías: Punto algido, por Arturo Ortega Moran
  103. Etimologías: Que viene el Coco, por Arturo Ortega Morán
  104. Etimologías: Gringos, por Arturo Ortega Morán
  105. Etimologías: Gachupines, por Arturo Ortega Morán
  106. Etimologías: Del sabor al saber, por Arturo Ortega Morán
  107. Etimologías: Azafata, por Arturo Ortega Morán
  108. Etimologías: Una de policias, por Arturo Ortega Morán
  109. Etimologías: Pepe y Paco, por Arturo Ortega Morán
  110. Etimologías: Gabachos, por Arturo Ortega Morán
  111. Etimologías: Aguas, por Arturo Ortega Morán
  112. Etimologías: Nimiedades, por Arturo Ortega Morán
  113. Etimologías: Jijos de la manana, por Arturo Ortega Morán
  114. Etimologías: Campeones, por Arturo Ortega Morán
  115. Etimologías: Anfitrion, por Arturo Ortega Morán
  116. Etimologías: La pader, por Arturo Ortega Morán
  117. Etimologías: El gallego, por Arturo Ortega Morán
  118. Etimologías: El güero, por Arturo Ortega Morán
  119. Diccionario de mexicanismos, por Arturo Ortega Morán
  120. Foro Etimológico LINGUAWEB
  121. Historia de las lenguas de España
  122. Names given to the Spanish language
  123. Spanish for speakers of Latin
  124. Verbs Ending in -ducir
  125. Meet the Tener Family Set of Verbs Corresponds to English Verbs Ending in "-tain"
  126. Meet the Poner Family
  127. History of Spanish, by Ian Mackenzie (PDF)
  128. Cervantes' Consonants, by Daniel Eisenberg
  129. Wikipedia: Romance Languages
  130. Wikipedia Influences on the Spanish language
  131. Wikipedia: Vulgar Latin
  132. Wikipedia: The Latin Alphabet [outside link]
  133. Judeo-Spanish, by Haim-Vidal Sephiha
  134. Pronunciación y grafías del español medieval y del Siglo de Oro
  135. Contrastive Romance Linguistics
  136. La evolucion fonetica del latin al espanol Practica
  137. El Cantar de Mio Cid El Cantar del Destierro
  138. El Castellano: Historia del Idioma Español, por Sergio Zamora
  139. El Castellano: Historia del Idioma Español, cortos, por Sergio Zamora y otros autores
  140. Vocabulario patrimonial y culto latino en español e inglés
  141. Periodization of the Romance Lexical Borrowings
  142. Latin declension endings compared
  143. Experience Latin with Fr. Reginald Foster [outside link]
  144. Wikilearning: Curso de latín [outside link]
  145. Fonética latina [outside link]
  146. List of Romance Languages and Dialects
  147. Where did the languages of the Iberian Peninsula come from
  148. La ruta del castellano, por Teresa Ayala Pérez
  149. El contacto de dialectos como motor del cambio lingüístico, Pedro Martín Brutragueño
  150. The Undergraduate Meets Spanish Language History By Richard Woehr
  151. El cultismo y el retorno del canon romantico Jose Perona
  152. Migrañas que dan jaquecas, por Verónica Saladrigas y Luis Pestana
  153. On the Metathesis of Labials + /j/ in Hispano-Romance, Kenneth J. Wireback, Hispanic Review, Vol. 70, No. 3. (Summer, 2002), pp. 311-331. -Romance

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Minority and endangered languages

  1. Languages Racing to Extinction in 5 Global Hotspots
  2. What Is an Endangered Language?, by Anthony Woodbury
  3. The Languages of the Andes
  4. Welcome to Quechua ( home to three websites on Quechua and Aymara [outside link]
  5. The triumph of English A world empire by other means
  6. Endangered Native American Languages What Is to Be Done and Why, by James Crawford
  7. Endangered languages Lost worlds
  8. Dying Languages, by John McWhorter
  9. Deaths of Languages, by Jared Diamond
  10. Globalization Threat to Worlds Cultural Linguistic and Biological Diversity
  11. Saving Dying Languages, by W Wayt Gibbs (PDF, source)
  12. Languages of the World
  13. LSA-FAQs What does it mean to say a language is endangered
  14. The Impassioned Fight to Save Dying Languages, by Robert Lee Hotz
  15. New Scientist Working with endangered languages Interview with A Aikhenvald

Lenguas minoritarias y en peligro de extinción

  1. Las lenguas minoritarias de Europa Datos generales
  2. Lenguas y culturas del México moderno / Languages and cultures of present-day Mexico [outside link]
  3. De la grandeza de la lengua española y otros dilemas, por Eduardo Subirats
  4. Intransiciones Lingüísticas, por Carlos Subirats Rüggeberg
  5. Galician Language Planning and Implications for Regional Identity, by Jaine Beswick (PDF)
  6. Conflicting values in contemporary Galicia: Attitudes to 'O Galego' since autonomy, by Bernadette O'Rourke (PDF)
  7. Mapa de naciones de Bolivia (original)
  8. Bolivia: WP: Lenguas de Bolivia
  9. Perú: WP Lenguas del Perú
  10. Language Planning and Policy in Ecuador

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Linguists' sites

  1. Stephen D. Krashen
    SL Acquisition and Learning

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Other language stuff

  1. How Can I Communicate With a Relative Whos Had a Stroke?, by Janet Dean Fodor
  2. Reflexiones psicolingüísticas sobre la naturaleza y dinámica del fenómeno de la interferencia durante los procesos de aprendizaje y adquisición de una lengua extranjera
  3. Conceptos, Contextos y Modelos de la Educación Bilíngüe Intercultural (EBI) en las Américas, por Alvino E. Fantini
  4. Language Acquisition, by Betty Birner
  5. In a New Country With the Accent on English (NYT, 2003)
  6. Tuning In to Home in Comfort of New York (NYT)
  7. After 9-11, Should It Be Arabic? (NYT, 2004)
  8. Yo Quiero Marry Carla (NYT)
  9. Early Voices The Leap to Language (NYT)
  10. La incansable batalla de la letra ñ
  11. Fuentes bibliograficas para la investigacion en linguistica hispanica
  12. Modularity Domain Specificity and The Development of Language, by Elizabeth Bates
  13. Connectionism and the Study of Change, by Elizabeth Bates and Jeffrey Elman
  14. Spreading the English word
  15. Linguistic profiling: The sound of your voice may determine if you get that apartment or not
  16. Issues of Names and Naming
  17. Karen Chung's Language and Linguistics Links [outside link]
  18. Introduction to Phonetics Page by Page: Notes and resources (K. Chung)
  19. Language Miniatures [outside link]
  20. [outside link]
  21. Ethnologue: Languages of the world [outside link]
  22. Navajo: How Different can Languages be, by William Shetter
  23. Understanding speakers not from here, by William Shetter
  24. Sobre el empleo humorístico del español hablado por los vascos, por Jorge Echagüe Burgos
  25. Eusquera y castellano Conflicto lingüístico en el País Vasco, by Fernando Polanco Martínez
  26. Language Acquisition, by Chip Gerfen
  27. Signed languages, by Chip Gerfen
  28. Is English spelling chaotic
  29. The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language [outside link]
  30. Johnsons dictionary still a page-turner, by Jill Lawless
  31. Lexicon of linguistics [outside link]
  32. Encarta: English language
  33. Encarta: gramatica
  34. Encarta: lenguaje
  35. How I got into linguistics and what I got out of it by William Labov
  36. Encarta: The English language
  37. The LINGUIST List website [outside link]
  38. The Linguistic Semantics Preprint Archive [outside link]
  39. The foNETiks archive [outside link]
  40. The MIT CogNet website [outside link]
  41. SIL's Ethnologue: a searchable language database [outside link]
  42. Carnegie Mellon's Child Language Data Exchange System [outside link]
  43. Robert Beard's online dictionary and thesaurus page [outside link]
  44. SIL's Fonts in Cyberspace page: IPA and language fonts [outside link]
  45. Utrecht University's Lexicon of Linguistics [outside link]
  46. Blackwell's page of linguistics resources [outside link]
  47. The Semantics Archive [outside link]
  48. European Union Language Year 2001, by William Shetter
  49. NYT: Japan and China National Character Writ Large
  50. NYT: A Biological Dig for the Roots of Language
  51. NYT: How does the brain work
  52. NYT: Linguistic Curiosity An Effort to Make Arabic Easier
  54. Merriam-Webster Online
  55. alt-usage-english fast-access FAQ
  56. The Greatest Dictionary, by Richard Lederer
  57. World Wide Words [outside link]
  58. Instituto da Lingua Galega
  59. Galician language links
  60. Jim Crawford's lg policy site [outside link]
  61. Center for Applied Linguistics [outside link]
  62. The Linguist List [outside link]
  63. Blackwell list of lx. resources [outside link]
  64. Hist. of English site [outside link]
  65. Linguistics in the News [outside link]
  66. Quinion's World Wide Words [outside link]
  67. The Word Spy [outside link]
  68. Ephilosopher [outside link]
  69. Linguistic Society of America [outside link]: The main professional organization for linguists in the USA
  70. The Linguist List
  71. The Linguist List -Ask a linguist [outside link]: Do you have a question about language?
  72. Université Laval de Quebec French Phonetics Site [outside link], With lessons, pictures, and sound 'bytes'
  73. The Berkeley Women and Language Group [outside link]: A research group on language and gender
  74. Real Academia Española de la Lengua [outside link]
  75. Soluciones para todo el español El diccionario de dudas de la Academia, de José Antonio Millán
  76. Naomi Chase Interviews Noam Chomsky
  77. Cypriots Start To Bridge Mutual Language Gulf
  78. Lakota: A Language With Its Own Spiritual Meanings
  79. Dahaalik: Lost Eritrean Language Put On Record
  80. Learning A Language, by Talking Rubbish
  81. Noam Chomsky: Politics or Science?
  82. Esperanto, by JC Wells

Otros materiales de lingüística

  1. Indicaciones sobre la conveniencia de simplificar la ortografia en America
  2. Botella al mar para el dios de las palabras Gabriel Garcia Marquez
  3. Sobre la Real Academia la norma y los hablantes, por Manuel Seco
  4. Anuarios del Instituto Cervantes El espanol en el mundo
  5. SpanSIG: Consideraciones linguisticas del espanol de EEUU
  6. Materiales disponibles en internet sobre lenguas espécificas de Latinoamérica [outside link]
  7. Encarta: lexicografía
  8. Encarta: ortografía
  9. Spanish linguistics books at SSC library
  10. Mi página de refranes, proverbios y dichos
  11. Proverbios
  12. Proverbios, refranes, dichos, frases, aforismos, sentencias, adagios, máximas
  13. Lexical and discourse factors in the second language acquisition of Spanish word order, by Tammy Jandrey Hertel (PDF)
  14. Shift Happens Spanish and English Transmission Between Parents and Their Children Aida Hurtado and Luis Vega (PDF)
  15. Union Europea Babel en Europa
  16. Los chicos israelies que hablan espanol argentino sin haberlo estudiado
  17. American Sign Language Browser [outside link]
  18. John Russell Rickford's Writings on the "Ebonics" issue [outside link]
  19. Nombres: El apellido
  20. Los apellidos españoles, por Rafael Jose Vargas
  21. Universidad de Puerto Rico: Presentaciones de gramática española (parte 2) [outside link]

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Education-related resources

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Hispanic cultures, history, art, etc.

Indígenas en Hispanoamérica

  1. What was Columbus's deal, anyway?
  2. Las civilizaciones precolombinas mas famosas
  3. Las otras civilizaciones precolombinas
  4. Los indigenas latinoamericanos hasta hoy
  5. La conquista en el imaginario latinoamericano actual
  6. La epoca colonial en America Latina
  7. Otros artículos de E. Yepes

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Hispanic, latino

  1. Dominican Republic: Black Denial
  2. La complejidad lingüistica de Nueva York, Por José del Valle
  3. Interculture Quiz: Spain
  4. From Spic to Latino
  5. Hispanic Latino poll
  6. Hispanic Online Hispanic vs Latino
  7. Generic Hispanic identity a product of decades of ads
  8. Latino Hispanic Who needs a name, by Martha Gimenez
  9. Latinos Hispanics What next, by Martha Gimenez
  10. NYT: Latino si Hispanic no, by Earl Shorris
  11. A Bilingual America The Trend Among Hispanics Suggests Not
  12. Racial Attitudes of Hispanics surveyed
  13. Don't Panic, I'm Hispanic

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  1. El agitanado español de Cuba, por Sergio Valdés Bernal
  2. Los Celtíberos, por Alberto J. Lorrio
  3. Brazil: A great divide
  4. El impacto de la conquista de Hispania en Roma, por José María Blázquez Martínez
  5. Muslim Spain and European Culture
  6. Patrimonio lingüístico de origen árabe en el idioma español
  7. La Influencia árabe en España (711-1492) - Theodora Dincov
  8. El viejo horario español tiene los días contados
  9. The Culture of Translation, by María Rosa Menocal
  10. The Corrosive Hagiography of Muslim Spain, by Andrew G Bostom
  11. Centro Virtual Cervantes - Oteador [outside link]
  12. Latinoamérica, Iberoamérica, Hispanoamérica, las Américas.., por Xosé Castro
  13. NYT: Tamales are hot As in popular
  14. NYT: The Latino culture wars
  15. NYT: To talk like New York sign up for Spanish
  16. Flamenco Readings from
  17. How the Census Colors Our Perception of Racial Issues
  18. Montefrío: Stories from Spain - The Works of Lawrence Bohme (originals)
  19. Encarta: Hispanic Americans
  20. Schools make efforts to work with Latino parents
  21. Encarta: Latin America
  22. Encarta: Salsa music
  23. Encarta: The Spanish empire
  24. Encarta: Arte ibero
  25. Refranes en español: Refranes Espanoles 1, Refranes Espanoles 2, Refranes Espanoles 3, Refranes Espanoles 4, Refranes Espanoles 5
  26. Migrants their descendants challenge definitions of who is a Puerto Rican
  27. Minorities get lower-quality health care
  28. More than one way to be Puerto Rican
  29. Nazi propagandist Joseph Goebbels looks at the Spanish Civil War Goebbels diaries, by Robert H Whealey
  30. Summary results from the latino ethnic attitude survey, by Daniel Roy
  31. Taking Spanish is as hot as salsa for Latinos
  32. España según los españoles
  33. México según los mexicanos
  34. Argentina según los argentinos
  35. El Día de los Inocentes y April Fools' Day
  36. Historia de España
  37. History of Spain
  38. Dichos y frases hechas
  39. Encarta: Spain Facts and Figures
  40. Encarta: Spain Regions
  41. The Sounds of Silence Edward T Hall Mildred Reed Hall
  42. NYT: The Bloody Crossroads of Grammar and Politics, by Geoffrey Nunberg
  43. The Buried Mirror Video Information (English)
  44. Population Reference Bureau (en español) (World Population Data Sheet PDF)
  45. ¿Cuántos hispanohablantes e hispanos hay?
  46. Gaudi The unfinished Sagrada Familia
  47. We need higher quality outrage by Deborah Tannen
  48. Being President Means Never Having to Say Hes Sorry by Deborah Tannen
  49. Common Errors in English Non-errors [outside links]
  50. The Everymigrants Guide to Crossing the Border Illegally
  51. Publilius Syrus Maxims
  52. No Longer Just Eggheads Linguists Leap to the Net
  53. The Bolero's Timeless Appeal
  54. Juan Goytisolo Scourge of the new Spain (2000)
  55. The New York Times Magazine Juan Goytisolo (2006)
  56. God and Foreign Policy The Religious Divide Between the US and Europe
  57. In Spain the Holy Grail of Ham
  58. Castles Caves and Prized Pigs in Southern Spain
  59. Producción del jamón ibérico
  60. Preguntas frecuentes sobre el jamon iberico
  61. Spain and the United States The Quest for Mutual Rediscovery, by William Chislett

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Spanish language study

  1. Spanish pronoun chart (PDF)
  2. Lista de adverbios en -mente muy comunes derivados de adjetivos

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On learning a foreign language

  1. Class Participation Guidelines and Tips
  2. Tips for Students Studying a Foreign Language (Adapted from Learning Services, University of Texas - Austin)
  3. Dr. Aske's correction abbreviations
  4. False Friends, by William Shetter
  5. Do some languages make superfluous distinctions, by William Shetter
  6. Language Learning Strategies: An Update [outside link]
  7. Dont Speak the Language Live With the Locals
  8. Japanese Does language 'difficulty' speak of a sense beyond mere words?

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On teaching a foreign language

  1. Learning_Disabilities_and_Foreign_Languages
  2. Articulatory Phonetics in the First-Year Spanish Classroom, Deborah L. Arteaga, The Modern Language Journal, Vol. 84, No. 3. (Autumn, 2000), pp. 339-354
  3. La Internet y la ensenanza del espanol como lengua extranjera, por Mar Cruz Piñol
  4. Teaching Spanish to Spanish Speakers [outside link]
  5. CAL Resource Guides Online [outside link]
  6. CAL Ask the Language Experts: Frequently Asked Questions [outside link]: e.g. What role do dialects play in education?
  7. Foreign Language Teaching Forum [outside link]
  8. Commonwealth Center Report: "What Should Spanish Teachers Know?" by Professor David T. Gies [outside link]
  9. Korea: Children Driven to Learn English

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Bilingualism and bilingual education

  1. Breve Introducción al Fenómeno del Bilingüismo en México, por María Patricia Velázquez Martínez
  2. Raising Bilingual Children, by Antonella Sorace and Bob Ladd
  3. Bilingualism, by Betty Birner
  4. Involuntary Language Loss Among Immigrants: Asian-American Linguistic Autobiographies [outside link]
  5. Two or More Languages in Early Childhood: Some General Points and Practical Recommendations [outside link]
  6. A mother's dream: Mom and Mamá

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Basque stuff

  1. Euskara
  2. History of the Basque Language, by Manfred Owstrowski
  3. Collected Postings by Larry Trask (original source)
  4. The Larry Trask Archive: Larry Trask's Basque Page [outside link]
  5. Larry Trask's FAQs About Basque and the Basques (original)
  6. Larry Trask A Linguistic Sketch of Basque (original)
  7. Larry Trask Basque prehistory (original link)
  8. Larry Trask Some Important Basque Words (And a Bit of Culture) (original)
  9. A Basque Historian's Dilemma by Joxe Mallea-Olaetxe
  10. Meet Euskal Herria The Basque Country
  11. Apellidos vascos - Basque last names
  12. San Sebastian Is The Most Food-Obsessed City In Europe (WST, San Sebastian, food)
  13. Humble And Unfussy Yet Also Oh So Haute (NYT, San Sebastian, food)
  14. Au sujet de lhistoire de la langue basque et de ses apparentements Oyharcabal
  15. Basque light verb constructions Oyharcabal (à par.a "Basque light verb constructions", in J. Lakarra (édit.) Mélanges offerts au Professeur L. R. Trask, Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea)
  16. Tokiz_kanpoko_numero_komunztadura_B_Oyharcabal
  17. Lexical causatives and causative alternation in Basque B Oyharcabal
  18. A propos dun usage predicatif particulier des pronoms personnels intensifs en basque B Oyharcabal
  19. Kausazio aldizkatzea euskal aditzetan B Oyharcabal
  20. Note a propos des formes jussives prefixees en b- du basque B Oyharcabal

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Hojas de práctica / Grammar Practice sheets

If you click on these links your browser should be able to open the files with the Adobe Acrobat Reader plugin, assuming you have Adobe Acrobat Reader installed on your computer. If not, download it from here. It's free. If you want to download these files to your computer, (in Windows at least) right-click on the link and choose "Save Target As...", select a place to download them to (such as "My Documents" or "Desktop"). Then you can open the file with Acrobat Reader by double-clicking on it.

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  1. Wikipedia - Linguistics
  2. Cross-cultural communication
  3. Spanish language

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  1. Download Portable Document Format (PDF) Files from WebCT
  2. Attaching and Retrieving Files Using the Assignment Dropbox in WebCT Vista
  3. Posting to a Discussion Topic in WebCT Vista
  4. WebCT Vista Overview, for Students
  5. Using WebCT Vista's Mail Tool to Communicate with your Professor
  6. Using the HTML Creator in WebCT Vista
  7. Browser Tune-Up for WebCT: Find out what browsers are supported for use with the Blackboard Learning System - CE and the Blackboard Learning System - Vista. Get instructions on setting up your browser.
  8. Browser Plugins for WebCT Vista (you may or may not need any of these): Adobe Reader, Macromedia Flash, Macromedia Shockwave, Quicktime, Real Player, Windows Media Player, Sun Java Runtime Environment
  9. Alan Wood's Unicode page
  10. Decimal Addresses for Phonetic Symbols in Unicode

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Other stuff

  1. Language Development, by George Boeree
  2. Los libros de viajes de la edad media española, por Anca Crivat (ebook, HTML) [outside link]
  3. Significados y funciones del paratexto en los códices de las cantigas de Santa María de Alfonso X, El Sabio - Una comparación con el paratexto de los cancioneros gallego-portugueses de poesía profana, por Mihai Iacob (ebook, HTML) [outside link]
  4. Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes (BVMC) [outside link]
  5. Cervantes: Rinconete y Cortadillo
  6. How to Use Dictionaries
  7. Pentagon promotes foreign-language skills
  8. San Mateo Medical Center aims to lower language barrier
  9. NPR: The State of the Enlightenment (Aired: Monday, December 11, 2006 11-12PM ET) (source page)
  10. NPR: Caesar: Life of a Colossus - Aired: Friday, September 15, 2006 11-12PM ET
  11. Who Killed Victor Jara?
  12. Making an Arguement for Misspelling (September 1, 2008)

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Salem State University | Department of World Languages and Cultures | Dr. Aske

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Last updated: February 1, 2008
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